What Are The Clinical Manifestations Of Testicular Cancer


How do you detect testicular cancer?

An ultrasound is often the first test done if the doctor thinks you might have testicular cancer. It uses sound waves to produce images of the inside of your body. It can be used to see if a change is a certain benign condition (like a hydrocele or varicocele) or a solid tumor that could be a cancer.

What is the best description of testicular cancer?

Testicular cancer is a disease that occurs when cancerous (malignant) cells develop in the tissues of a testicle. The development of cancerous cells in both testicles can occur, but is very rare. Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in men aged 20 to 35. The disease usually is curable.

What is the purpose of TSE?

A testicular self-exam (TSE) is an easy way for guys to check their own testicles to make sure there aren’t any unusual lumps or bumps which can be the first sign of testicular cancer. Try to do a TSE every month so you become familiar with the size and shape of your testicles.

What is seminoma cancer?

(SEH-mih-NOH-muh) A type of cancer that begins in germ cells in males. Germ cells are cells that form sperm in males or eggs in females. Seminomas occur most often in the testicle, but they may also occur in other areas of the body, such as the brain, chest, or abdomen. Seminomas tend to grow and spread slowly.

What is the difference between seminoma and nonseminoma?

Seminomas are very sensitive to radiation therapy. Nonseminoma: This more common type of testicular cancer tends to grow more quickly than seminomas. Nonseminoma tumors are often made up of more than one type of cell, and are identified according to these different cell types: Choriocarcinoma (rare)

What are risk factors for testicular cancer?

Risk factors for testicular cancer include: An undescended testicle. Family history of testicular cancer. HIV infection.

How often should Tse be performed?

The testicular exam should begin at age 15 and continue through age 40. It is important to do the exam every month in order to find any changes. The best time to examine your testicles is right after a hot bath or shower. The scrotal skin is most relaxed at this time and the testicles can be felt more easily.

What type of prevention is a testicular exam?

Secondary preventative measures, on the other hand, most notably testicular self-examination (TSE), are well-known and are promoted to help prevent late-stage diagnosis of TCa.

What is bell clapper deformity?

Another cause of testicular torsion is a condition called “bell clapper” deformity. In most males, a testicle would not be able to twist because it is firmly attached to the scrotum. For a male who is born with bell clapper deformity, his testes are hanging in the scrotum and can swing freely, like a clapper in a bell.

What is embryonal carcinoma?

Embryonal carcinoma is a germ cell tumor characterized by primitive epithelial cells with marked pleomorphism and various histologic patterns. It may present in pure form but often is part of a mixed germ cell tumor.

What is paraneoplastic syndrome?

Paraneoplastic syndromes of the nervous system are a group of uncommon disorders that develop in some people who have cancer. Paraneoplastic syndromes can also affect other organ systems including hormone (endocrine), skin (dermatologic), blood (hematologic) and joints (rheumatologic).

What is a yolk sac tumor?

A rare type of cancer that begins in germ cells (cells that form sperm or eggs). Yolk sac tumors occur most often in the ovary or testicle, but they may also occur in other areas of the body, such as the chest, abdomen, or brain. They tend to grow quickly and spread to other parts of the body if not treated.

What does seminoma look like?

Microscopic examination shows that seminomas are usually composed of either a sheet-like or lobular pattern of cells with a fibrous stromal network. The fibrous septa almost always contain focal lymphocyte inclusions, and granulomas are sometimes seen.

Is adenoma benign or malignant?

An adenoma is a benign (noncancerous) tumor. Adenomas start in the epithelial tissue, the tissue that covers your organs and glands. These tumors grow slowly and look like small mushrooms with a stalk.

Is teratoma benign or malignant?

Teratomas are generally described as either mature or immature. Mature teratomas are usually benign (not cancerous). But they may grow back after being surgically removed. Immature teratomas are more likely to develop into a malignant cancer.

What is a testicular lesion?

Cystic lesions that develop in the head of the epididymis, spermatoceles grow out of the efferent tubules, where sperm are stored and mature after spermatogenesis in the testicle. On examination, the lesion is a soft, freely movable, transilluminating mass that is separate from and superior to the testicle.

Does Microlithiasis cause pain?

Testicular microlithiasis is a condition of unknown aetiology where calcium deposits form in the lumina of seminiferous tubules or arise from the tubular basement membrane components. The microliths are asymptomatic, do not cause pain, and are so small that they are impalpable.

What causes Microlithiasis?

The cause is unknown, but this condition has been associated with testicular cancer in a small group of individuals, cryptorchidism, mumps, infertility and intraepithelial germ cell neoplasia.

What type of cancer is testicular cancer?

The most common type of testis cancer is a germ cell tumor. There are two main types of GCT: seminoma and nonseminomatous germ cell tumors (NSGCT). Both seminoma and NSGCT occur at about the same rate, and men can have seminoma, NSGCT or a combination of both.

When is TSE best performed?

TSE is best performed after a bath or shower, when the scrotal muscles are warm and relaxed. If you do the exam at another time, remove your underwear so that your genitals are exposed.

How do you perform a clinical testicular exam?

Testicular exam The exam may be done first while you are lying down. Then it may be done again while you are standing. Your doctor will check your belly, your groin, and your penis, scrotum, and testicles. The doctor will feel the scrotum and both testicles to check their size, weight, and texture.

What is the purpose of a testicular exam?

A testicular self-exam (TSE) is an easy way for guys to check their own testicles to make sure there aren’t any unusual lumps or bumps which can be the first sign of testicular cancer. Try to do a TSE every month so you become familiar with the size and shape of your testicles.

What is the function of the testes in the male reproductive system?

The testes are responsible for making sperm and are also involved in producing a hormone called testosterone. Testosterone is an important hormone during male development and maturation for developing muscles, deepening the voice, and growing body hair. Epididymis. A long tube that is located near each testicle.

What is hydatid of morgagni?

Background: Hydatids of Morgagni are benign, pedunculated, cystic structures arising from müllerian vestiges below the fallopian tube near the fimbria. They usually are of no clinical significance unless the pedicle becomes twisted and infarction occurs.

What is the Mesorchium?

[ m?-z?r′kē-?m ] n. A fold of tunica vaginalis testis in the fetus supporting the mesonephros and the developing testis. A fold of tunica vaginalis testis in the adult between the testis and epididymis.